Working principle and output
Effector cells will detach from the monolayer in a force-dependent manner and accumulate at the acoustic node. You can follow the detaching of the fluorescently labeled effector cells from the top view of the flow channel.
Figures a-f show the force-induced detachment of fluorescent effector cells establishing low avidity and high avidity interactions. Low avidity effector cells will rapidly release from the target cell monolayer (a-c, green trendline and column in the graphs below) and gather at the acoustic nodes (c), while high avidity effector cells require larger forces to rupture the binding strength (d-f, orange trendline and bar in the graphs below).